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Posts tagged ‘O*NET’

Powerful Career Resources for 2012

The O*NET is one of the world’s premier career exploration and occupational research tools.

The O*NET On-Line and Content Model had six descriptors or domains –

  • Worker Characteristics
  • Worker Requirements
  • Experience Requirements
  • Occupation Requirements
  • Occupation Specific
  • Occupation Characteristics

Worker Characteristics are the acquired knowledge, skills, effective work performance.

  • Abilities — Qualities that influence performance
  • Occupational Interests — Preferences for work environments
  • Work Values —Specific needs that are important to a person’s satisfaction
  • Work Styles — Personal characteristics that can affect how well someone performs a job.

Worker Requirements are characteristics descriptors relating to work-related qualities that are acquired and/or developed through experience and education.

  • Basic Skills — Developed abilities that facilitate learning or the gaining of knowledge
  • Cross-Functional Skills — Developed skills that increase performance of activities that occur across jobs
  • Knowledge — System of principles and facts
  • Education — Prior educational experience required to perform in a job

Experience Requirements — requirements that are required to perform to work activities and explicitly linked to certain types of work activities.

Experience and Training — When someone is hired to perform a job, there are the following requirements –

  • Basic Skills – Entry Requirement — Entry requirement for skills that are need to increase learning or the gaining of knowledge
  • Cross-Functional Skills – Entry Requirement — Entry requirement for developed abilities and skills that impove performance of activities that occur across jobs
  • Licensing — Licenses, certificates, or registrations that are awarded to show that a job holder has gained certain skills.

Occupation-Specific Information

  • Tasks — Occupation-Specific Tasks
  • Tools and Technology — Machines, equipment, tools, software, and information technology workers used to perform work tasks.

Workforce Characteristics

  • Labor Market Information — Current labor force characteristics of occupations
  • Occupational Outlook — Future labor force characteristics of occupations

Occupational Requirements are factors that describe what various occupations require.

  • Generalized Work Activities — General types of job behaviors
  • Detailed Work Activities — Detailed types of job behaviors
  • Organizational Context — Characteristics of the organization that influence how people do their work
  • Work Context — Physical and social factors that influence the nature of work

Source: O*NET OnLine Career Exploration Tools

DOL/ETA (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration) is  the exclusive owner of all rights under U.S. copyright laws and international treaty provisions in the O*NET ™ Career Exploration Tools.
Any other copyright notices refer only to Learning for Life Resource
Center’s original work in the product.

O*NET and O*NET IN IT and logos are trademarks of the DOL/ETA (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration).

Here are O*NET career exploration tools –

  • Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • O*NET and Holland Codes Fact Sheets
  • Career Interests Inventory

Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook

For Doing In-Depth Research on Job Descriptions, Career Options, and Education Options

Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook 

The Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook is:

  • Must-read resource for counselors and teachers
  • An essential reference book that is a requirement for any career advisement, counseling, or counseling program, library, or resource room

The Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook is the best reference guide available that lists information about:

  • Career Clusters/ GOE Interest Groups
  • Holland Codes
  • ONET Codes
  • Job descriptions

The Handbook has more than 6,500 job descriptions — more than in any other career research book:

  • All job descriptions from the Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • Plus thousands more from the ONet and Dictionary of Occupational Titles

The Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook combines information from the most authoritative occupational data sources:

  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • O*NET database
  • Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • Dictionary of Holland Occupational Codes

How to use the Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook

The major tools to using the Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook are:

  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Appendix
  • Indexes
The Table of Contents lists the following interest clusters or job groupings:
  • Management, Business, and Financial Operations Occupations
  • Professional and Related Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Office and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
  • Construction, Trades, and Related Workers
  • Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
  • Production Occupations
  • Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces

The Introduction section provides information of the following topics:

  • Occupational Outlook Handbook and Job Descriptions
  • O*NET and Job Descriptions
  • Dictionary of Occupational Titles and Job Descriptions
  • 16 GOE Interest Areas
  • Holland Personality Types
  • OOH Job Descriptions
From the Occupational Outlook Handbook and Job Descriptions, you receive the listing of the following topics:
  • Job Title and O*NET Job Numbers
  • Holland Personality Types
  • Significant Points
  • Nature of the Work
  • Working Conditions
  • Employment
  • Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement
  • Job Outlook
  • Earning
  • Related Occupations
  • Sources of Additional Information

The Appendix has information about Tomorrow’s Jobs discussing changes in:

  • Population
  • Labor Force
  • Employment
  • Industry
  • Occupation
  • Education
  • Total Openings
The Handbook are two (2) Indexes:
  • Alphabetized Index of Major Job Titles from Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • Alphabetized Index of ONET and DOT Job Titles

O*NET and Holland Codes Fact Sheets

The benefits of the O*NET and Holland Codes FACT Sheetsare –

  • Low cost
  • Easy to read format
  • Comprehensive and detailed lists
  • Latest career information
  • Links between Holland Codes and O*NET Codes
  • Summary of information from reliable source – Occupational Information Network

Using the ONET, the Occupational Information Network, Hollandcodes.com is preparing FACT SHEETS that will highlight the relationship between careers, O*NET Codes, Holland Codes, and the following factors –

  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Work Context
  • Job Zone
  • Interests
  • Work Values

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets lists the –

  • O*NET-SOC Code
  • O*NET-SOC Job Title
  • Holland Codes
  • Description
Educational Levels Required for Different Occupations O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets – Educational Levels Required for Different Occupations lists the required levels of education from the selected sample. The largest number of people had one of the following levels of education

  • Less than a High School Diploma
  • High School Diploma (or GED or High School Equivalence Certificate)
  • Post-Secondary Certificate
  • Some College Courses
  • Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)
  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • Post-Baccalaureate Certificate
  • Master’s Degree
  • Post-Master’s Certificate
  • First Professional Degree
  • Doctoral Degree
  • Post-Doctoral Training

Ability Areas for Different Occupations O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets – Ability Areas for Different Occupations lists the following Ability Areas –

  • Cognitive Abilities — Abilities that influence the acquisition and application of knowledge in problem solvingnformation Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
    • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
    • Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
    • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
    • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
    • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Physical Abilities — Abilities that influence strength, endurance, flexibility, balance and coordination.
  • Psychomotor Abilities — Abilities that influence the capacity to manipulate and control objects
  • Sensory Abilities — Abilities that influence visual, auditory and speech perception

Job Zones O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets – Job Zones lists the following Job Zones –

  • Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
For each Job Level, there is information about –
  • Experience
  • Education
  • Job Training
  • Examples of job skills
  • Examples of occupations

Knowledge Areas, O*NET Codes, and Holland Codes FACT Sheets

O*NET Codes and Holland Codes FACT Sheets – Knowledge Areas lists the following Knowledge Areas –

  • Knowledge
  • Administration and Management
  • Biology
  • Building and Construction
  • Chemistry
  • Clerical
  • Communications and Media
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Design
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Education and Training
  • Engineering and Technology
  • English Language
  • Fine Arts
  • Food Production
  • Foreign Language
  • Geography
  • History and Archeology
  • Law and Government
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Physics
  • Production and Processing
  • Psychology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Transportation
Source: O*NET ™ Career Exploration Tools
DOL/ETA (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration) is the exclusive owner of all rights under U.S. copyright laws and international treaty provisions in the O*NET ™ Career Exploration Tools. Any other copyright notices refer only to Learning for Life Resource Center’s original work in the product.

O*NET and O*NET IN IT and logos are trademarks of the DOL/ETA (U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration).

career interest inventory

Career Interests Inventory

The Career Interests Inventory,  a printed, career self assessment test, measures Holland Codes, personalities, and careers. Here is some information about the inventory. The Career Interests Inventory measures six Holland Occupational Codes

  • Realistic
  • Investigative
  • Artistic
  • Social
  • Enterprising and
  • Conventional

The Inventory is a version of Dept. of Labor’s O*NET Interest Profile.
O*NET Career Interests Inventory is a 6-panel foldout inventory with
180 statements. The inventory takes about 30 minutes to complete. The
responses are added; the results are matched to the Holland (RIASEC)
Career Model and hundreds of related occupations. The occupations are
divided into categories based upon education, preparation, or training

Read about O*NET Codes and Holland Codes products ….

Christmas Sale on Job Career Tests

The following career tests are on sale –

Career and Life Explorer

Career and Life Explorer is a Holland Code assessment that uses:

  • Appealing graphics
  • Easy-to-follow instructions
  • Proven career exploration principles
  • Great information to get young people thinking about their future—and encourages them to stay in school, explore positive career and learning options, and dream big

Career and Life Explorer provides the following information:

  • Start with “Uncover Career Clues.”
  • Gather career information by looking at:
    • Who they admire
    • What they do well or enjoy doing
    • What are the key values
    • How important is money
    • What kinds of people they like to spend time with
    • How much education or training they would consider
    • What work environment they prefer, and more
  • Step 2: Select top picks from among six Holland Code “Interest Groups”
  • Step 3: Look up related jobs in a chart listing hundreds of job titles from the Occupational Outlook Handbook.
  • Step 4: Use a “Discover Your Ideal Job” to write in key elements of their ideal job, including:
    • Values
    • Possible job titles
    • Skills
    • Education or training
    • Earnings
    • Other details
  • Step 5: Use an Action Plan worksheet to help plan high school courses, extracurricular activities, and other life experiences.

Format: 5.5 x 8.5, 12-panel foldout
Reading Level: Grade 6
Interest Level: Grades 6 to 12

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

Career Exploration Inventory

Hollandcodes.com has information about the Career Exploration Inventory.

Career Exploration Inventory is a career interest inventory with career information and career planning information.The Career Exploration Inventory:

  • Is easy to read, self-scoring, self-interpreting
  • Gathers career information by looking at past, present, and future activities of your life. These areas include Work, Leisure, and Learning activities.
  • Helps you identify Clusters and GOE Interest Areas
  • Provides a list of related jobs in a chart listing hundreds of job titles, career salary, career research, and career information from the Occupational Outlook Handbook.
  • Provides additional career resources
  • Create an Action Plan
  • Help you set Short Term, Medium Term, and Long Term Goals

The Career Exploration Inventory:

  • Is backed by strong validity
  • Uses proven career exploration principles.
  • Directs cross-reference to GOE and O’Net job reference systems.

The Scores from the Career Exploration Inventory connect you to 16 GOE career interest areas or Career Clusters with:

  • Related jobs
  • Education and training options
  • Leisure activities listed for each interest area

Format: 8.5 x 11, 12-panel foldout, self-scoring/self-interpreting, consumable, no other components needed.
Interest Level: High School-Adult

With each Career Cluster/GOE purchase, you will receive with free Career Cluster, GOE Code, and Holland Code cross-reference and Internet resource sheets.

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

Career Personality Inventory Based on the MBTI personality types

The Career Personality Inventory is –

  • Self- scoring, self-interpreting, consumable, no other components needed
  • Comparable results to the MBTI
  • Match personality types to careers, work styles, skills, work environments, and work preferences with this easy-to-use assessment
  • Is based on the MBTI personality types

The CPI uses a simple and innovative testing method requiring test takers to –

  • Simply circle words that describe them
  • Total the number of descriptors circled

The CPI then helps users consider how their personality relates to their careers by focusing on their top two traits.

Users can match their personality types to careers and work preferences.

Clients then use the career planning guide and worksheet to set goals and start their career research.

Valid and reliable, the CPI provides a powerful and cost-effective alternative to any organization using similar but more expensive personality inventories.

Product type: Printed booklet
Interest level: Middle School-High School
Pages Opens to 8-panel foldout
Size: 8.5 x 11

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

Career Values Inventory

The O*NET Career Values Inventory helps individuals explore over 900 O*NET job titles based on their work values and motivators.

Unlike the first edition of the Values Inventory which used a card sort to explore work values, the new edition uses an easier forced-choice method.

Consisting of only 36 items and taking less than 20 minutes to complete, this method provides accurate results in less time, as well as simplifies administration and scoring.

Once individuals have identified their most important work values, the inventory guides them to match their results to potential careers organized by both values and the preparation required (using the DOL’s five “job zones”). In depth suggestions for further research help individuals explore those careers, and a reproducible Job Information/Action Plan worksheet helps them pursue their goals.

The inventory is self-scoring and self-interpreting, takes less than thirty minutes to complete, and is based on decades of research.

Valid and reliable, this assessment is an ideal starting point for anyone engaging in career exploration.

Its incorporation of O*NET job titles also makes it highly compatible with a wide variety of occupational resources.The O*NET is changing. The Department of Labor is revising and streamlining the Occupational Information Network to better match the rapidly changing economy.

The Second Edition of the O*NET Career Values Inventory has been substantially revised. In addition to moving from a card sort to a forced choice mechanic, it will feature streamlined instructions, an updated list of resources, an improved job information worksheet, and job titles drawn directly from the latest version of the O*NET.

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

PICS Career Survey

The PICS Career Survey is a Picture Interest Test and an easy-to-do Holland Code assessment that uses 36 sets of 3 pictures as a quick way to –

  • Explore their career interests
  • Find a job that fits

The PICS Career Survey is an excellent career test for ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS and for other people –

  • Who are In ESL/GED programs
  • Who have limited reading ability
  • Who have limited knowledge of English
  • Who are developmentally delayed
  • Who are learning disabled
  • Who have special needs
  • Who have limited access to education
  • Who are chronically unemployed

The PICS Interest Test

  • Takes less than fifteen minutes to complete and score
  • Uses pictures of people at work
  • Is self-administered and self-scored

To finish the Career Survey (PICS), you –

  • Look at 36 sets of 3 pictures.
  • Choose which of the three portrayed occupations seems most interesting.
  • Total the number and kind of pictures selected.

As bonuses, with each purchase, you receive the Career Locator and Career Planning Worksheet.

The Career Locator matches Holland Code interest areas to 600 careers. Careers are placed in one of the following groups – Careers that require Short Term On-the-Job-Training, Moderate Term On-the-Job-Training, Long Term On-the-Job-Training, Associate Degree, Bachelor’s Degree, Professional Degree, and Postsecondary Vocational Training.

On the Career Planning Worksheet, you record information about education required, projected earning, job outlook, skills, and next step.Regular Cost: $8 Sale Cost: $5

Paint Careers With Colors Kids Career Test & Color Key

The Paint Careers With Colors Kids Job Test uses self-by-step activities, career games for Kids, and kids activities for career choices to highlight Holland Codes or Colors to Careers Codes. On each page, you choose the careers that you like or are interested in.
At the end of the job test for kids, you summarize your results. The Summary Sheet identifies your Holland Codes or Colors to Careers Codes.

The Paint Careers With Colors Kids Career Test comes with a Colors to Careers Career Model and Colors to Careers Code or Holland Code Descriptions. The Paint Careers With Colors Child Career Test is an excellent tool to introduce you to career exploration, Holland Codes, and Colors to Careers Codes. The graphics hold your attention as you identify your career interests.

The Colors to Careers Color Chart shows all of the information listed on the posters –

  • Job Titles
  • Career Color Codes
  • 3 letter Holland Codes
  • Colors to Careers Poster Numbers

Regular Cost: $15 Sale Cost: $7.50

RIASEC Version

Transferable Skills (TS) Survey

The TS Survey is a researched and validated assessment. The TS Survey is a short assessment that identifies an individual’s strongest soft (TS) skills skills. The eight (8) soft (TS) skills Skills are:

  • Analytical
  • Numerical
  • Interpersonal
  • Organizational
  • Physical
  • Informational
  • Communicative
  • Creative skills

The benefits of the TS Survey are –

  • Complete in 20-25 minutes
  • Is easy to use
  • Has color-coded design
  • Is Self-scoring and self-interpreting
  • Can be used as both a career exploration guide and a job search strategy tool
  • Includes suggested resources for career exploration as well as a worksheet for comparing possible careers
  • Includes job titles from the most recent O*NET database
  • Can be given to groups or individuals

The TS Survey has 5 sections –

  1. Mark Your Answers
  2. Add Your Scores
  3. Interpret Your Scores
  4. Identify Occupations that Match Your Skills
  5. Explore Occupations that Match Your Skills

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

Guide for Occupational Exploration Interest Inventory (GOEII)

Guide for Occupational Exploration Interest Inventory

  • Has appealing graphics
  • Is easy-to-follow instructions
  • Is self-scoring
  • Matches your Interests to 250 Occupational Outlook Handbook and 1,000 O*NET career jobs with career salary information, career research, and career information
  • Is organized around 14 GOE career interest areas

Guide for Occupational Exploration Interest Inventory provides the following information from the ORIGINAL GOE System presented in the Guide for Occupational Exploration (3rd Edition):

.Step 1: Start with the following “14 Interest Areas or Career Clusters”

  1. GOE Code 1: Arts, Entertainment, and Media
  2. GOE Code 2: Science, Math, Engineering
  3. GOE Code 3: Plants and Animals
  4. GOE Code 4: Law, Law Enforcement, and Public Security
  5. GOE Code 5: Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
  6. Construction, Mining and Drilling
  7. Transportation, Distribution & Logistics
  8. GOE Code 6: Industrial Production
  9. GOE Code 7: Business Detail
  10. GOE Code 8: Sales &Marketing
  11. GOE Code 9: Recreation, Travel and Other Personal Services
  12. GOE Code 10: Education and Social Services
  13. GOE Code 11: General Management and Support
  14. Medical and Health Science

Step 2: Complete Inventory.
Step 3: Score profile.
Step 4: Use the “14 Interest Areas or Career Clusters” to Explore Career Options.
Step 5: Complete the Career Exploration Worksheet.
Step 6: Research career options.

Reading Level: Grade 8
Interest Level: Middle School-Adult

Regular Cost: $7 Sale Cost: $5

Read more…

To Career Cluster Resources

School Counselor – The ONET Speaks

The ONET has information on –

  • Worker Characteristics
  • Worker Requirements
  • Experience Requirements
  • Occupation Requirements
  • Occupation Specific
  • Occupation Characteristics

Here is the Summary Report for: 21-1012.00 – Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors.


Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.

Sample of reported job titles: Counselor, Guidance Counselor, School Counselor, Academic Advisor, Career Counselor, Career Services Director, College Counselor, Advisor, Academic Counselor, Career Center Director

View report: Summary  Details Custom

TasksKnowledgeSkillsAbilitiesWork ActivitiesWork ContextJob ZoneInterestsWork StylesWork ValuesRelated OccupationsWages & Employment


  • Counsel students regarding educational issues such as course and program selection, class scheduling, school adjustment, truancy, study habits, and career planning.
  • Counsel individuals to help them understand and overcome personal, social, or behavioral problems affecting their educational or vocational situations.
  • Maintain accurate and complete student records as required by laws, district policies, and administrative regulations.
  • Confer with parents or guardians, teachers, other counselors, and administrators to resolve students’ behavioral, academic, and other problems.
  • Provide crisis intervention to students when difficult situations occur at schools.
  • Identify cases involving domestic abuse or other family problems affecting students’ development.
  • Meet with parents and guardians to discuss their children’s progress and to determine their priorities for their children and their resource needs.
  • Prepare students for later educational experiences by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
  • Encourage students or parents to seek additional assistance from mental health professionals when necessary.
  • Observe and evaluate students’ performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.

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Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

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Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Time Management — Managing one’s own time and the time of others.
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.

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Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

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Work Activities

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

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Work Context

Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

There is 1 recognized apprenticeable specialty associated with this occupation:

To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information external site website.

For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship external site website.

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Interest code: S

Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles

Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others’ needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values

Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends


Median wages (2008) $24.54 hourly, $51,050 annual
Employment (2006) 260,000 employees
Projected growth (2006-2016) Average (7% to 13%) Average (7% to 13%)
Projected need (2006-2016) 84,000 additional employees

Source:  ONET – http://online.onetcenter.org/link/summary/21-1012.00

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